What is Perioral Dermatitis?
The word ‘Perioral’ means ‘around the mouth’ while Dermatitis stands for ‘inflammation of the skin’. It is actually an inflammation of the facial skin due to the development of small eruptions around the mouth. It is commonly seen in young women. But it sometimes also affects men. In this condition, you can see papules or tiny red bumps around the lips. There is a burning sensation in the reddened area. The rashes may appear on the cheeks, the skin beside the nose and lips, the chin or the region just below the nose. Rashes may also appear around the forehead and eyes.
Who gets Perioral Dermatitis?
90% of Perioral Dermatitis sufferers are found to be women. Women between 20 to 45 years are susceptible to the condition. 1% of women population is thought to have suffered from the disease sometime or other in their life.
Perioral Dermatitis Symptoms
Perioral Dermatitis comes with a number of symptoms. Most of these are visible to the naked eye. These include
Redness of the Skin
The skin of the affected facial area becomes red or often pink.
The patient seems to have rashes in the affected facial region. These rashes are often lumpy and cause pain. Some people also have painless rashes.
Some patients complain of an itchy feeling or mild burning sensation in the region.
The skin around the mouth becomes dry. It also looks flaky in some people.
In some people, there is a tense feeling in the affected skin area.
In a few cases, the outer skin of the region comes out like scales.
Perioral Dermatitis Causes
Doctors are not too sure about what exactly causes Perioral Dermatitis. However, dermatologists and medical experts have pinpointed several factors that may cause this ailment. These are
Face ointments and creams containing steroids are believed to be a trigger for this disease.
Some ingredients in cosmetic products are supposed to be harmful for the skin. These are held responsible for Perioral Dermatitis. Steroid in face creams are thought to cause this disease.
UV (ultraviolet) rays are also thought to give rise to this problem.
Fluorinated toothpaste is also considered a factor behind the sickness.
Changes in hormone
Hormonal changes can also trigger this condition.
Many experts also consider oral contraceptive pills to be a reason behind this illness.
Perioral Dermatitis Diagnosis
The diagnosis of Perioral Dermatitis depends on the appearance of the skin. Doctors observe the skin carefully. A bacterial test is conducted on the skin to make sure there is no scope for infection. No other medical examination is usually carried out.
Perioral Dermatitis Treatment
The treatment for Perioral Dermatitis is similar to the method applied in curing Acne Vulgaris. The only difference lies in the non-use of topical steroids. Only those skin creams are used that do not contain steroids. These include ointments like erythromycin, metronidazole, tacrolimus and pimecrolimus. These provide fast relief to the skin and are applied regularly for many months to prevent recurrence of the disorder.
If patients are found to use steroidal creams and lotions, they are discontinued.
In very serious cases, oral antibiotics like minocycline, tetracycline and erythromycin are used. These are used for 1 ½ to 3 months to reduce inflammation
Perioral Dermatitis Natural Treatment
The rashes can be controlled and even cured by practicing some natural remedies at home :
- Wash the affected skin area with warm water. Apply a soap substitute over this.
- Minimize the use of cosmetics and moisturizers. If possible, you should stop using these creams till your symptoms reduce.
- Stop using toothpastes that contain anti-tartar ingredients and fluoride until the rashes disappear. To prevent Perioral Dermatitis toothpaste change can work well along with medications.
Perioral Dermatitis in Children
Children are often seen to suffer from Perioral Dermatitis. In children, the disease is caused by a number of factors like cosmetics, drugs and many other physical factors. Doctors normally use anti-inflammatory agents to cure the disease. In severe cases, this is treated by anti-acne medicines.
Perioral Dermatitis Pictures
It is often a problem to understand this disorder. Here are some pictures that will help you know this disease more clearly. Go through them and have a visual realization of the disorder.
Perioral Dermatitis is not a very serious disease. It does not pose any risk to your life. However, it can be very painful in some cases. In worse cases, the condition may disfigure your face and surgical or laser treatment may be required. Such treatments can be expensive also painful in some cases. It is better to treat the condition in its initial stages before it can complicate your life and leave a scar on your face.