Ever heard about the Bartholin Gland? If you are not too familiar with medical terminology, you may be unaware of this very important secretor organ in the body which plays a vital role in sexual intercourse. Read on to know all about the Bartholin Gland.
What is Bartholin Gland?
The Bartholin Gland is one of the two small glands. These are found near the vagina in women. Bartholin Glands are only present in women and they perform a highly important role in sex. The glands are named after Caspar Bartholin the Younger, a late-17th century Danish anatomist. Caspar Bartholin was the first medical professional to form a report on the existence and function of these glands in 1677. The secretor organs are, naturally, named after him.
Bartholin Glands are also known as Bartholin’s Glands or Greater Vestibular Glands.
Bartholin Gland Location
Picture 1 – Bartholin Gland Location
Source – health-writings
Bartholin Glands are located in 4 O’ clock and 8 O’ clock positions in the Labia Minora, or the two inner folds of the vagina. They exist in pairs and are found on either side of the vaginal opening in women. Each Bartholin Gland is about 0.5 cm, or 0.2 inch, in diameter.
Bartholin Gland Purpose
In healthy females, Bartholin Gland functions normally during the time of copulation. These organs secrete mucus which lubricate the vagina. These are prominently functional in women during sexual intercourse. When a woman is sexually aroused, Bartholin Glands secrete 1-2 drops of lubricating fluid into a 1 inch long duct of the vagina known as Bartholin Gland duct or Bartholin duct. This Bartholin Gland discharge makes the Labia Minora slightly moist thus making vaginal penetration in women a more comfortable process.
Bartholin Gland Problems
In abnormal cases, the Bartholin Glands may suffer a blockage. A Bartholin Gland blockage arises if there is a Bartholin Gland infection or Bartholin Gland irritation. An irritation or infection of the Bartholin Gland leads to an obstruction of the vaginal duct. This results in the formation of a Bartholin Gland cyst.
Bartholin Gland Cyst
Picture 2 – Bartholin Gland Cyst
Source – whconnection
A Bartholin Gland cyst is an abnormal lump filled with fluid. It is usually a small pea-sized bump that can grow to be as big as a large marble. It is usually noted as a small bump around the vulva. A redness or swelling around the vulva indicates the presence of a Bartholin Cyst.
Bartholin Gland cysts are usually painless and go away on their own. But an infection in the cyst can produce painful symptoms. Bartholin cysts are normally diagnosed during a common gynaecological exam.
Written by anirudh
on January 13th, 2011. The article was last updated on August 27th, 2011