Disturbed at the sight of red, bumpy rashes on your skin? You might be having a case of Panniculitis. Read on to know all about Panniculitis, its causes, symptoms and treatment.
What is Panniculitis? Medical researchers define Panniculitis as a condition that is characterized by the swelling of the subcutaneous fatty layer, particularly in the abdomen. Subcutaneous fat lies just below the epidermis or the outer layer of the skin. The condition gives rise to elevated red spots or nodules on the skin.
Panniculitis disease does not appear only in humans. It can also be found in other animals. You can see Panniculitis in dogs. Panniculitis in cats are not too uncommon either.
There are several types of Panniculitis. Know about some of the major Panniculitis types.
This is a type of Panniculitis that is marked by subcutaneous fat inflammation, especially in the face. In this condition, the skin becomes thick, tender and often elevated. There may be a discoloration in the nodules. Panniculitis and lupus completely destroys fat cells and leaves hard deep nodules that may take months or even years to go away.
This is another kind of Panniculitis that has the Subcutaneous layer affecting the adipose tissue layer lying between dermis and fascia of the skin.
The skin may suffer Panniculitis from cold temperatures. When the skin is exposed to very cold temperatures, the adipose tissues get damaged. These lead to localized inflammation of the skin. This is particularly common in obese women and infants who are exposed to cold temperatures in winter months.
Mesenteric Panniculitis is a rare disorder that arises from an unknown cause. It is marked by a chronic inflammation of the adipose tissue of the abdominal cavity. This arises due to malignant conditions like Systemic Lymphoma or Gastric Carcinoma. Systemic inflammatory conditions may also lead to this disease. People who have undergone recent abdominal surgery can also suffer from this disorder.
An ultrasound or CT scan is usually enough to diagnose this condition. In severe cases, it is treated with medicines like Azathioprine and Corticosteroids.
Some of the major symptoms of Panniculitis are :
The raised nodules on the skin commonly have a reddish appearance.
The skin spots may secrete an oily discharge from time to time.
The affected people may experience tenderness while touching the raised spots.
There is also a visible loss of weight in sufferers. This usually happens if there is a systemic disease along with the condition. Systemic diseases are conditions that affect multiple organs and tissues or even the entire body as seen in Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome.
Affected people can also suffer from fatigue or tiredness due to this condition.
Written by anirudh
on February 9th, 2011. The article was last updated on September 2nd, 2011