Looking at the abnormal bulge in your abdomen and getting panicked about it? Relax, it is not a tumor but it may well be a Ventral Hernia, an unnatural protrusion in the abdomen.
What is a Ventral Hernia?
There is as such, no clear Ventral Hernia Definition for you. A Ventral Hernia is normally described as a hernia, or a protrusion of an organ inside the abdomen such as the intestine or the bowel. In normal circumstances, the surrounding muscles and body tissues keep a organ inside the cavity. But in case of Ventral Hernia, the protruded organ comes out through the cavity and pushes the abdominal wall. The protrusion is visible from the outside in the form of a bulge in the abdomen. The condition is curable but quite difficult to treat. It causes much discomfort in a person.
Ventral Hernia Symptoms
Ventral Hernias are characterized by a lot of symptoms, which can be external as well as internal. These are :
Ventral Hernias are normally painless and even touching the bulge causes no ache in the sufferer’s body. But incarcerated hernias can cause much pain. These are protrusions that fail to enter back into the original cavity that they come out from. In acute cases, necrosis may take place. Blood supply to the protruded part is cut off and the organ tissues die due to lack of nutrition. This leads to a case of strangulated hernia, causing much pain to the sufferer.
Patients with Ventral Hernia experience pain especially during strain, such as while coughing or lifting heavy objects.
The protruded organ is visible as a bulge in the sufferer. It remains viewable even when the patient is lying down.
Incarcerated ventral hernia can cause serious bodily discomfort to the sufferer. The person may experience nausea due to this reason.
The nauseating feeling in Incarcerated hernia sufferers can also make them vomit.
No bowel Movement
Patients with Incarcerated hernia conditions often suffer from an inability to have a bowel movement.
Patients may often experience tenderness in the affected area of the abdomen.
Enhanced Heart Rate
The heart rate may often increase in sufferers with stomach hernia condition causing much discomfort.
When the patient has an incisional hernia condition, the bulge may grow bigger in size with passing time. Ventral Incisional Hernia occurs when an old surgical wound of a person does not heal properly.
What causes Ventral Hernia?
Picture 1 - Ventral Hernia
Source – biotechfordummies
Ventral Hernias may develop due to a number of reasons. A lot of system disorders may contribute to give rise to herniation inside the abdomen. The common causes for Ventral Hernia development are
Weakening of Abdominal Walls
When the walls of the abdominal cavity become weaker, it may lead to herniation.
Infected Surgical Wound
A Ventral Hernia may also occur if a surgical wound in the body of a person gets infected after operation.
If a blood clot forms in the area where a surgical incision took place, it may also give rise to a hernia.
In some cases, the operated area does not heal due to malnourishment. This may be due to lack of blood supply in the area due to some cause.
Tearing of Stitches
If a newly stitched area undergoes strain, the stitches may open. The area may start bleeding and it can also get infected. This can cause a hernia.
Increased body fat often makes healing of an operated area more difficult. This again, can cause a rupture in the smooth muscle tissue.
Aged people find it very difficult to heal after stitches. Unhealed surgical wounds can lead to hernia.
Intense coughing can cause a tear in the surgical stitches and reopen wounds. This can lead to infection and herniation.
Written by anirudh
on November 26th, 2010. The article was last updated on September 3rd, 2011