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Men’s Health

Spermatocele Definition

Spermatocele is a cyst or an abnormal sac that grows in the coiled tube situated on the upper-testicle which collects and transmits sperm. This type of cyst is generally filled with clear or milky fluid which may contain sperm. The size of the painless and noncancerous cyst may vary greatly from one patient to another.

These are often referred to as spermatic cysts. They generally do not cause any serious health problems and so, do not require any treatment. But, severe cases of the condition can be treated with surgery.

What is Testicular Torsion?

It is an emergency medical condition that leads to a twirled spermatic cord that consequently disrupts the supply of blood to the testicle and adjoining structures inside the scrotum.

Testicular Torsion Symptoms

Testicular Torsion Photos
Picture 1 – Testicular Torsion
Source – nhatky

Some of the main symptoms of Testicular Torsion are :

Scrotal Inflammation

Swelling inside one side of the scrotum is one of the main signs of Testicular Torsion. Inflammation is localized and arises on one side of the scrotum while there is marked absence of symptoms in the other side.

Testicular Pain

The disorder also leads to acute pain that arises suddenly in one testicle, even in the absence of any predisposed condition.


Patients of this condition also suffer from nausea and vomiting that can impair their daily activities and force them to take bed rest. There is also a light-headed sensation in many suffering individuals.

In some patients, there may be other discomforting symptoms like blood in the semen and the development of a lump in the testicle.

There can be severe inflammation and pain in an impacted testicle. This condition may arise in men belonging to any age group. The disorder is, however, most likely to be seen in adolescents and infants. This is because a high degree of developmental variation occurs inside the reproductive system at this age. An individual experiencing testicular torsion should be assessed and cured as an emergency measure.

Are you suffering from a swollen lump at the back of your testicle? If you are, you may be having a condition called Epididymitis. Read on and know what is Epididymitis, its causes, symptoms, diagnosis and cure.

Epididymitis Definition

Epididymitis medical definition is given as an inflammation or infection of the Epididymis, a coiled tubular structure at the back of the testicles that stores and carries the male sperm. This tube-like thing connects the testis with the vas deferens. Sperms mature in the Epididymis and are transferred to the Vas Deferens, the epithelial duct. It is the Vas Deferens that takes the sperms out of the Epididymis during ejaculation.

An inflammation in the Epididymis is called Epididymitis. In some people, the swelling spreads to the testicles. The condition is then known as Epididymo-orchitis.

Epididymitis is pronounced as “Ap-ee-did-i-mee-tis”.

Symptoms of Epididymitis

Epididymitis is mainly characterized by inflammation. However, it gives to other symptoms as well such as


In sufferers of Epididymitis groin pain is a major complaint. In Epididymitis abdominal pain and pelvic discomforts are also quite common.

Painful Ejaculation

Victims of this disease also suffer from pain during ejaculation. This impacts the overall health of sufferers and affects their sex life as well.

Bloody Ejaculation

Epididymitis patients often find blood being ejaculated in their semen. Blood in semen is one of the most common signs of Epididymitis.

Burning Sensation

In sufferers of Epididymitis burning or painful sensation while urinating is also common.

Urethral Discharge

Epididymitis patients also suffer from discharge through the urethra or the aperture at the end of their penis.


Higher body temperature often accompanies groin pain and inflammation. The entire inflamed area becomes tender to touch. Fever comes with fatigue that may affect the daily lives of patients.

Bloody Urine

In some sufferers of Epididymitis blood in urine is also a major complaint. Bloody urine along with penile discharge is extremely discomforting and disturbing for the patient.

Causes of Epididymitis

Epididymitis arises due to a variety of reasons. Some of the major Epididymitis causes are

Bacterial Infection

In sufferers of Epididymitis bacterial infection of the urinary tract has been found to be the main cause. This kind of infection usually arises after an improper surgery of the urinary tract or a swelling of the Prostate gland (Prostatitis) that spreads to the testis. Bacteria of genus Ureaplasma and Mycobacterium tuberculosis are the main causes of this disorder. Serious cases of Epididymitis infection are often the result of E. Coli bacteria.

Retrograde Urine Flow

If the bladder is full of urine and violent pressure forces it along the Vas Deferens, Epididymitis can arise. This is a common problem in bodybuilders who rush into the gym and start exercising on a full bladder to save time.

Pumping iron with a full bladder can push urine into the testis through the Vas Deferens. The more the amount, the worse is the Epididymitis. The problem especially happens in cases where the urine contains bacteria. It gives rise to bacterial infection.


Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) like Chlamydia or Gonorrhoea can also give rise to Epididymitis.


In some cases, Epididymitis arises as a side-effect of the drug Amiodarone that is used to reduce heart rate abnormalities.

Epididymitis Risk Factors

As can be guessed, you can only find Epididymitis in men. It is primarily seen to affect men in the age group 20-40. It is seen more in sexually active males. Men having unprotected sex with multiple sexual partners are at increased risk of contracting diseases like Chlamydia and Gonorrhea which raises susceptibility of suffering from this condition.

Other people who can suffer from this disease include individuals who are uncircumcised, have structural defects in their urinary tract or regularly use urethral catheter. People who have recently had a urinary tract surgery can also suffer from this disorder.

Epididymitis Diagnosis

Initial Epididymitis examination usually begins with physical tests that show a swollen red, tender lump on the affected edge of the scrotum. An experienced physician checks whether inflammation is a result of localized swelling of lymph nodes in the groin region.

In sufferers of Epididymitis tests like Testicular Scan, Complete Blood Count, and Urinalysis are carried out to differentiate the disease from other similar conditions. A Rectal examination may be performed to see whether a tender or enlarged prostate is the cause of swelling. A Doppler Ultrasound Test may also be carried out to see whether there is an increased flow of blood to the affected Epididymis.

Is your little boy having problems in urinating due to his foreskin almost blocking the aperture of his penis? He may be suffering from Phimosis, a common condition in little male children. Read on to know all about Phimosis, its causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.

Phimosis Definition

Phimosis Pictures
Picture 1 – Phimosis Picture
Source – causticsodapodcast

Phimosis is a medical condition that is characterized by limited exposure of the glans clitoridis, the red mass of tissue that stands at the tip of the penis. This happens when the foreskin of the penis tightly sits over the aperture of the penis and cannot be retracted. In uncircumcised male infants, the foreskin is normally tight in the initial years and become retractable as the boy begins to grow. But in case of Phimosis in infants, the foreskin is not easily retractable and neither does it loosen with time. This causes problems during urination and if not corrected in time, can hinder sexual activity.

Phimosis Meaning

The  term Phimosis comes from the Greek word “phimos” meaning “muzzle” which is an obvious reference to the muzzled or blocked condition of the penis.

Types of Phimosis

Phimosis may either be congenital or acquired.

Congenital Phimosis

In Congenital Phimosis cases, the condition results from defects arising while the child is still in fetus. The disorder is also known as Primary Phimosis.

Acquired Phimosis

In case of Acquired Phimosis, the patient develops a phimosis ring after his birth. The foreskin becomes difficult to stretch. The disease is also called Secondary Phimosis.

Phimosis Symptoms

Some of the main problems associated with Phimosis are :


The affected child experiences pain at the tip of the penis, especially during urination or ejaculation during sexual activity.

Penile Inflammation

The sufferer also experiences swelling at the head of his penis. The inflammation may aggravate while passing urine. The constricted penile aperture makes urination difficult and the urine builds up inside the penis leading to swelling.

Penile Discharge

In some cases, a discharge may be released from the penis. This may be foul-smelling.

Penile Bleeding

In serious cases, the person may also suffer from bleeding in the penile region.


In very rare cases, Phimosis may lead to Penile Cancer.

Phimosis Causes

A lot of factors may give rise to Phimosis. These are :

Congenital Defect

In many sufferers of Phimosis congenital anomaly is held to be the prime causative factor.

Yeast Infection

If Yeast Infection in males is not treated in time, it can also lead to complications like Phimosis. The infection causes swelling in the foreskin and Glans Penis. The Glans Penis and foreskin begin to cling together causing phimosis problems.

In a few cases of Phimosis diabetes is found to result in yeast infection.

Poor Hygiene

Not following proper hygiene can make the genital prone to infections and give rise to swelling in foreskin and other problems leading to Phimosis.

Is Phimosis Genetic?

In some cases, genetic factors can play a role. But Phimosis in kids may or may not arise due to heredity. One may inherit the condition in a few cases. Genetics is not always responsible for the appearance of this disease. Even absolutely normal people can give birth to a male child with Phimosis.

Phimosis Diagnosis

In case of Phimosis doctors normally carry out a diagnosis by physical examination. If there is an infection, a skin biopsy may be carried out.

Suffering from a swelling in the penis? You may be having Balanitis, a health condition that is common in men. Read on to know all about Balanitis definition, its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and remedies.

Penis Anatomy and Structure
Picture 1 – Penis Anatomy
Source – most-effective-solution

What is Balanitis?

Balanitis is a health syndrome that involves an inflammation of the tip of the penis or Glans Penis. The term is derived from the Greek word “balanos” meaning “acorn”. It is a quite common disease affecting about 3-11% men in the US alone. The disorder can be seen in males of any age group.

If the disease affects the foreskin of the penis, the condition is named as Balanoposthitis.