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Are you suffering from recurrent cases of fever? Suffering from pain during intercourse? It is about time that you get a medical checkup done for these are sure-shot signs of having a Bartholin Cyst.

What is a Bartholins Cyst?

Bartholin Cyst image
Picture 1 – Bartholin Cyst
Source – wastington

A Bartholin Cyst is a cyst or lump that is filled with pus. The cysts typically occur on only one side of the vaginal entrance. This a condition that happens to women.

These cysts can be found in women of young age as well as those above 40 years. But they are more commonly found in women of reproductive age. The disease is common in women who are in their twenties. About 2% of the population of women in the United States suffers from this condition every year.

Bartholin Cyst has been named after Caspar Bartholin, an anatomist of the late-1800s. He was the first medical professional to make a research about the existence and functioning of the Bartholin glands.

Bartholin Cyst Size

These are approximately of the size of a small pea in the initial stages. In the later stages, they can grow as large as a big marble. In a few cases they have been found to grow to the size of an egg.

Bartholin Cyst Location

Bartholin Gland Cysts are formed on either of the Bartholin Glands. Bartholin Glands are tiny organs located close to the opening of the vagina of a woman. There are two Bartholin glands in every woman. These are positioned on either side of the vaginal opening. Bartholin Glands are also referred to as Greater Vestibular Gland or Vulvovaginal Gland.

A Bartholin Cyst arises from the Bartholin gland or from any of its ducts.

Symptoms of Bartholin Cyst

Generally, a Bartholin Cyst does not give rise to any symptoms. This is true especially when the lump is small and is not accompanied with any infection. Symptoms arise if it grows in size or if there is any Bartholin Cyst infection. An enlarged Bartholin Cyst can be felt as a compact mass or lump near the vaginal entrance. It can be characterised by

Tenderness

A Bartholin Cyst is generally painless. But it can make the sufferer experience tenderness near the vaginal opening.

Pain

If an infection develops near the cyst, the patient has a painful sensation in the affected area.

Discomfort

The person suffers from a discomforting sensation while sitting, walking and any similar activity that puts pressure on the genital area (vulva). In people with Bartholin Cyst vulva becomes very sensitive to pressure.

Dyspareunia

Women with Bartholin Cyst often experience pain while having sexual intercourse.

Fever

In patients with Bartholin Cyst fever is very common. High body temperature often arises because of this abnormal vaginal condition.

Causes of Bartholin Cyst

A Bartholin Cyst develops when a duct of the Vulvovaginal Gland gets blocked. An obstruction of vaginal gland typically occurs due to a bacterial infection. A bacterial infection causes unnatural conditions such as the abnormal growth of a flap of skin. Abnormal skin growth blocks the duct, or opening of the gland, and leads to a buildup of fluids in the gland. When fluid has accumulated for a long period of time, an abscess or cyst develops in the Bartholin Gland.

In many cases, Bartholin Cyst develops only in a matter of days. These get swollen and appear hot to touch.

Bartholin Cyst Diagnosis

A swollen and tender Bartholin’s Gland is often diagnosed by a pelvic examination. Lab tests are also carried out to analyze any discharge from the vagina and check if there is a case of a sexually transmitted infection.

A biopsy is usually done if the sufferer is 40 years old or over. This is conducted to rule out the presence of a tumor. Postmenopausal women are often susceptible to tumors and cancerous conditions.

Bartholin Cyst Treatment

If the cyst is small and no symptoms are involved, no treatment is needed. But in case of an enlarged cyst or presence of infections and discomforting symptoms, medical treatment is necessary.

Antibiotics

In patients with Bartholin Cyst antibiotics are used to destroy the infection-causing bacteria. Antibiotic treatment is usually carried out if tests reveal an infection or a sexually transmitted disease as the cause of Bartholin Cyst.

Marsupialization

marsupialization of Bartholin Cyst
Picture 2 – Bartholin Cyst Marsupialization
Source – disease-picture

pictures of Bartholin Cyst incision
Picture 3 – Bartholin Cyst Removal
Source – disease-picture

If a person is suffering from recurring Bartholin Cyst Marsupialization becomes necessary. Marsupialization of Bartholin Cyst is a surgical process that involves making a slit on the cyst and stitching the edges of the incision. This creates a permanent opening that lets the cyst drain freely. The process is carried out in complicated cases where Bartholin Cyst removal becomes difficult and a single draining becomes ineffective. A doctor may also insert a catheter to promote draining for some days. This helps prevent recurrence of Bartholin Cyst abscess. Bartholin Cyst marsupialisation is quite easy and can even be performed in a doctor’s office.

Marsupialisation of Bartholin Cyst is very useful in women who have repeated cases of abscess.

Surgery

Bartholin Cyst drainage
Picture 4 – Bartholin Cyst Drainage
Source – atlasofpelvicsurgery

In case of an enlarged or an infected cyst, it becomes necessary to carry out a Bartholin Cyst surgery. Surgery involves Bartholin Cyst drainage. An anesthetic or sedative is used on the patient and an incision is made on the cyst. A small catheter is placed near the incision to let the cyst drain completely.

Bartholin Cyst Recovery Time

The symptoms usually vanish after a surgery of Bartholin Cyst. Following operation of Bartholin Cyst catheter usually falls off after about six weeks. If it does not, a doctor manually removes it after six weeks. The incision heals by itself and the symptoms go away after Bartholin Cyst operation.

Bartholin Cyst Home Treatment

Here are some of the methods that are used for Bartholin Cyst natural treatment. If you are suffering from a Bartholin Cyst natural remedies like these can help a lot to make the symptoms go away.

Non-Prescription Painkillers

Non-prescription drugs are often used for Bartholin Cyst treatment at home. Painkillers reduce discomfort in case of a painful Bartholin Cyst.

Sitz Bath

For a patient with Bartholin Cyst bathing in warm water is very effective. It helps heal the Bartholin Cyst rupture and drain by itself. In the Sitz Bath method, the affected person has to sit in a tub filled a few inches with warm water. Doing this daily for three and four times for a few days can work as a Bartholin Cyst natural remedy.

Sitz Bath helps in Bartholin Cyst management after surgery. It is very useful in healing the affected area after a surgical operation.

Warm Towel Compress

If you are diagnosed with Bartholin Cyst, soaking the vulva (genital region) with warm towel compress can help a lot. It is one of the most effective Bartholin Cyst home remedies.

If the symptoms show no sign of going away even after 2-3 days of home treatment, it is time to get professional medical help.

Infected Bartholin Cyst

Sometimes, a Bartholin cyst gets infected and leads to the development of an abscess known as Bartholin’s abscess. The common germs that can infect this kind of cyst include those that cause urinary tract or skin infections, such as Escherichia coli or Staphylococcus spp. A non-infected cyst of this type can be left alone. Infected ones, however, need to be treated with a course of antibiotics.

Bartholin Cyst and Cancer

Cancer or carcinoma of Bartholin’s gland is quite rare in nature and is uncommon in females under 40 years of age. Around 1% of vulvar cancers are cancers of Bartholin’s gland. It can be difficult to distinguish Bartholin’s gland tumors from benign (non-cancerous) Bartholin’s cysts.

Marsupialization of Bartholin Cyst

Marsupialization is an operative procedure that is often used to cure Bartholin cysts as well as pilonidal and pancreatic cysts. The technique involves making a slit in the cyst or abscess and sewing its edges to create a continuous surface from its exterior to the interior surface. It is used in cases where a single draining is not enough to remove structures surrounding the cysts completely.

Bartholin Cyst Drainage

A Bartholin cyst that is infected or very large in size requires surgical drainage. This can be done with sedation or local anesthesia. The process involves making a small incision in the cyst and allowing it to drain followed by placement of a small rubber tube known as catheter in the incised spot. The catheter is kept in position for a maximum period of 6 weeks to prevent the closure of the aperture and allow complete drainage.

Bartholin Cyst and Surgical Removal

If other medical options like sitz baths, antibiotics, drainage or Marsupialization fail to cure the cysts effectively, surgery may be recommended by physicians to remove the Bartholin gland for a complete cure.

Removal of a Bartholin gland cyst is a minor operative process and can result in bleeding. Naturally, it is best to be performed in a surgical setting. In rare cases, the duct as well as the entire Bartholin gland may be removed.

Will a Bartholin Cyst go away?

A Bartholin Cyst usually goes away after drainage or surgery. Recovery is generally complete. But cysts are seen to recur in 10% cases.

Bartholin Cyst Complications

Bartholin Cysts does not usually lead to any complicated condition. But in rare cases, a chronic cyst may develop in the Bartholin Vaginal duct. In postmenopausal women or those above 40 years of age, a swollen Bartholin Cyst can be a sign of a cancerous tumor. But it is only in very rare cases of Bartholin Cyst cancerous condition are seen to appear.

Bartholin Cyst Prevention

Maintaining safety standards like using condoms while having sex can prevent Bartholin Cyst development due to sexually transmitted infection.

Bartholin Cyst Images

Want to know what does a Bartholin Cyst look like? Here are some pictures of Bartholin Cyst. Check out these Bartholin Cyst picture and get an idea about the appearance of the disease.

photos of Bartholin Cyst
Picture 5 – Bartholin Cyst Picture
Source – ncemi

Bartholin Cyst
Picture 6 – Bartholin Cyst Image
Source – glowm

If you are having symptoms characteristic of this disease and home remedies offer no improvement, it is best for you to visit a doctor and have a consultation. If the physician suspects a complicated condition, a timely treatment can be carried out. This will save you from a lot of health worries in future and ensure your good health.

References:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bartholin%27s_cyst

http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-a-bartholin-cyst.htm

http://www.wrongdiagnosis.com/b/bartholins_cyst/treatments.htm

http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/bartholin-cyst/DS00667

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001489.htm


35 Responses

  1. [...] A Bartholin Gland cyst is an abnormal lump filled with fluid. It is usually a small pea-sized bump that can grow to be as big as a large marble. It is usually noted as a small bump around the vulva. A redness or swelling around the vulva indicates the presence of a Bartholin Cyst. [...]

  2. alicia says:

    i suffer from dis cyst its very painfull my cyst got so big i just felt like dieing dats how big n painfull it was n then went n had surgery dat was painfull also u guess it was the numbing but i cryed n wanted to punch a nurse n then i healed n felt great n now its back again n might need dat other surgery im so scared

  3. Bobbie says:

    I had surgery two weeks ago and I am still in pain. The doctor tried to do it in his off and I almost punched him in the face it hurt so bad. I felt better after but now the pain is coming back and I can’t get any answers from my doctor. He says the stitches have to stay in for it to heal! Ugh

  4. lcucy says:

    I got it last year that is the bartholin cyst then i did the Marsupialization but now its back again i wonder why and was told by my doctor the rate of recurrence after the procedure its very minimal

  5. Maria says:

    I was suffering from a Bartholin Cyst and let me tell you woman that are going throw it is really painful and ugly I just had my surgery done last week am still having some pain but from the surgery but am really hoping it DON’T COME BACK!!!! so till then i’ll keep you all posted. :>

  6. megan says:

    i get the bartholin cyst like 5 times a year. its the most horrible pain ever n ive had the word catheter, it lanced but it always comes back the dr. wants to remove it but i dont have insurance. so all i can afford is just an office visit. but when it busts its so weird its instant relief. id just like to know why mine is so reacuring??

  7. samantha says:

    i have been getting the bartholin cyst for almost 5 yrs now and it comes back at least 3 times a year. the drs have tried a catheter to help drain the cyst which was a horrible experience!! but it did slow the recurrence to the 3times a yr instead of the once a month it was before that!…i really wish i could stop having them and this site saying it is painless is fucking crazy..so painful hurts to walk to even be standing unless my legs r apart there is no relief!!! just want it to stop

  8. lisa says:

    i have one now size of egg! vry painful. last one was a year ago and it drained on its own, dont know why it happens just know it hurts!!!

  9. cindi says:

    i was bitten by a spider 10yrs ago and the infection got into my blood stream then i started get infection in my glands under arms for a years then i started gettin them in my bartholins gland i think theres something connected to this but dr. dont agee for 8 yrs i have these cyst they get the size of large lemons and its the worst pain ever ive had three already this year..trying to find option if i remove this gland while it start somewhere new…is there any solution

  10. jinx says:

    Ladies, try using a Vinegar douche just on the entrance. The Vinegar will kill the bacteria and rinse it away. Also, use preperation-H flushable wipes after bowel movements (front to back). This has had great success for my friend and Sister. Post if it works for you. Best to start after you clear the current problem.

  11. Ise says:

    I had my first one at the age of 14 I’m now 20 and have had 4. I’m considering the removal of the Bartholin gland entirely. Has anyone gotten this done? If so were there any complications after recovery? (pain during intercourse, etc) and how long before a full recovery? Or at least till the pain lessens?

  12. noelle says:

    i have a bartholin cyst right now and it is the size of a golf ball… it just recently started hurting and not just hurting but excruciating pain. i know i need to get it removed or drained but i am terrified. any advice???

  13. Alice says:

    I have been getting the cysts for the past 5 years and they say you only get up to 5 a year…Thats a crock if you ask me! I get anywhere from 2 to 3 a month..My doc wants one a certain size and on meds before he will do any surgery and the cysts just keep coming and going with no help what so ever! I am tired of living in the ER and having them cut open with NO MEDS!!! BS

  14. anna says:

    hey I have had several bartolin cysts which ended in having the gland removed on one side which is soo painful. Before i had this i also had to other operations for drainage etc. The operation with the removal didn’t really solve the problem as the fluid now drains to the top and i have to have more surgery which is booked for later this year! And now to my horror i have another one now on the other side. This is a nightmare!! Go carefully surgery doesn’t always help!!

  15. tina says:

    i have one right now and i’m dying.i got it from last week and i was admitted in the hospital but the doctor sent me home the next day and told me to come back this friday for surgery..them wicked dont…i’m under pain and they sent me home because they want it to get bigger..its bigger now though cause i cant walk and i can hardly touch…i’m just praying it doesnt go down by friday or else i wont get the surgery and i know it will come back because this is my 3rd time…

  16. Jody says:

    I just had my batholyn cyst removed yesterday, it was extremely painful. I can’t sit properly now, the area is very swollen and bruised and in a way I am regretting that I had the surgery to remove it. I hasn’t yet stopped bleeding!!

  17. Jackie says:

    This is the worst pain ever. It figures a MALE doctor would say its not that bad, what the hell do you know, get something like this on your penis then tell me it isn’t bad. I have to Word catherter and i am in severe pain. Where the hell is the relief he said I would be feeling???

  18. Monique says:

    I have one rite now and just for over one last month.it hurts like hell, I cant even sleep. They say it can come from a sexual transmitted disease. Well I want to know from what disease and is this comon in men. Because my boy friend has one now to

  19. Ellie says:

    I starting getting this annoying cysts ever since I gave birth to my son. He is five and I get these at least once a month. I would like to know what sexually transmitted disease the Doctors are referring to. I have been married for 14 years now and have never had any other partners beside my husband. The only treatment I have been receiving is a ointment. It provides very little or no relief. My Doctor says I just have to live with it. Modern medicine needs to provide better answer than to “just live with it”

  20. Roziee says:

    How long will the bleeding last for? I had mine taken out last Wednesday and I’m still bleeding. And what painkillers have you guys been given? I’m takin ibuprofen and paracetamol but the pain at night is unbearable :(

  21. Emma Lou says:

    I have a cyst right now, but I want to help others and myself do some research and try and find a cure? These cysts are horrid and minging and hurt like hell. You can’t sit down or walk. What I want to know from the doctors who are so called experts is 1: What can we do to prevent them from coming back completely.2 what should we avoid doing?3 why do cysts sometimes develop straight after your period. 4 why do some of they smell really bad.5 is it down to being over weight.6 too much sugar in the body7 is it to do with your type of blood 8 or is it stressed related. Somewhere along the lines some of this is a cycle eg: If you get stressed like a do i get the cysts. There for dont get stressedca nd distress yourself long soak in the bath. Change bath towels frequently·Also warm and avacodo up put on cyst and should go away. Docs get paid to do their job, when really there are alot of suffers on this site. As a single mum to a four year old at first it wasn’t normal, but coming on this site i see a lot people get them. The doctors should kn ow and I have an op when my lil gal was 6 months old well worth it, but had tissue inside from vagina from op. Bloody hurt. Antiobiotics work erythromcin they are called. A salt bath.pink liquid for cysts work also i have tried it stings a little though. Don’t wash with shower gel wash only with anti bacterial soap with no perfume. trim vaginal hairs nice and short and keep clean to prevent infection I should be a doctor, but I hope this will help you guys to recovery.

  22. TM1975 says:

    Warm sitz soak help, and warm compresses work but my aunt told me a very old school country backwoods remedy that at first disgusted me just thinking about it, but I did and it mos def worked. I don’t get them often as my first experience had me on +y knees praying this would go away and it appeard right after having my first child ( c-section ) and id rather have another c-section it hurt if I even thought about it. But my remedy is fat back aka salt pork. Don’t turn ya nose up like I did I promise it works and the salt draws it right on out. My last 2 I used this method and hasn’t let me down yet. Yes it will sting slightly but nothing like swelling the size of a small apple in your delicate sensitive tender private area. All jokes aside try it also add epsom salt to hot compresses it will draw out. Hope this helps somewhat

  23. TM1975 says:

    Not that I wish no one this type of suffering pain, but I’m glad I’m not alone and thank goodness for other women sharing remedy tops to help one another out!! You guys prove its good compassionate people still alive and kicking in tough times!!!

  24. joyfulnoiz2 says:

    I am 45 and I just got my first BC. It came from nowhere. I was washing one morning and noticed a gumball sized lump. It was not painful so I ignored it. Two days later oh my God!!! the thing doubled in size it seemed to have moved and it was so painful I though I was going to pass out! the next day I could not get out of bed. If I sat, stood, walked it was exscruiating pain. I went to work today limping. As I was standing talking to a coworker, the damn thing burst!!!! good thing I had a panty shield on blood, puss all over. So it’s draining. What should I do to ensure that it completely drains???

  25. Judith says:

    I have had 5 cysts cut open and drained, now another one is back, but it is making me sick because the infection gets into my blood stream…I am afraid of surgery…do not know what to do…have bleeding and bowl blood also

  26. lisa1973 says:

    I suffer from these all the time. As one goes another one comes. Im actually used to them. Ive been suffering with them since I was 21. I once had 2 at one time. I lance them myself now and treat and clean myself up. If i didnt i would be on antibiotics constantly. I really would like to have the glands removed.

  27. Antonietta says:

    I had one and was asymptomatic for years. Suddenly it got tender. I took some homeopathic medicine and two days later it burst of its own accord. Amazing. I thoroughly recommend homeopathy for a cyst – it worked amazingly well for me. The relief is AMAZING. I only had a few days pain and discomfort (lucky me) but that was enough of an insight into what some of you poor gals are going through. You do not need to suffer ongoing. That said, I did have an aggravation of symptoms before it ruptured. I now understand the aggravation was a sign of what was to come. If you do decide to have the cyst removed homeopathy can help with post operative care and expedite the healing process. Go well.

  28. Jo says:

    PLEASE PLEASE PLEASE HELP!!! I’m 15 and have never been sexually active. A couple months ago i got my first BC and it hurt like crazy and it was hard to move and do anything, and i didnt go to a doctor and it finally went away after a week of terrible pain. i just got 3 more. I really REALLY dont want to go to a doctor. how do i get this to go away faster?

  29. Lisa says:

    My 17 yr old daughter has had 2 drained at the ER and she now has yet another one. I personally have never heard about this until she got one. I would not wish the pain I see her go through on my worst enemy. I am actually afraid to take her to have it removed after reading some of the experiences of the ladies on here that has had the procedure done. We are going to try the sitz bath and warm compresses and God’s willing it will rupture on it’s own. My heart goes out to everyone that has to deal with this.

  30. Nancy says:

    I just had the cyst removed yesturday my doc put me to sleep n when i woke up i Ask is surgery over n nurse said yes is over i dint even fell any pain it was like nothing i only fell some discomfort it only hurts to site or getting up I am taking Tylenol for pain and I am using a pad because a small amount of blood is coming out but the problem came when I traid to poop I started bleeding more than a small amout of blood but no big deal it stop aready I am cleaning the area with warm water/salt and at the end I use warm water and proxide I hope I get to hillel fast

  31. Jack says:

    A bartholin cyst on a woman is not usually an emergency unless it’s very swollen, very painful and getting worse each day despite sitz baths and warm compresses. Doxycycline is the treatment of choice for a cyst that has become inflamed. Also, doing a culture to ensure it’s not cancerous in women over 40. Rub tea tree oil on the cyst. Rub ice cube on it for the pain. 2 Advil helps.

  32. JerseyLP says:

    For all women who have recurrent barthoin’s cysts please read my story:
    I am 33 and have been getting a recurrent bartholin’s cyst for the past 10 years. My first one sent me to the emergency room; it was probably the size of a small orange. After that horrible, painful experience I have had the cysts reoccur on both sides of my labia over the years. I probably have had about 7 so far. Every time I head to my ob/gyn and schedule for it to be drained and either packed or have a catheter inserted for a week or two.
    Two weeks ago I got another one. This time the growth of the cyst was rapid and turned into a painful access. I was so upset because I am in a new relationship and is definitely a hindrance in the bedroom. I went to my ob/gyn and I was placed on antibiotics for 7 days and scheduled for surgery to have it lanced once again. I was so tired of having to go under general anesthesia and undergoing this minor surgery. I did a lot of research online and found out that if I constantly do sitz baths for a few days it will burst and drain on its own. So I decided to cancel the surgery. After 4 days of sitz baths (6 times a day with a couple drops of tee tree oil) it finally burst. Finally some relief!
    Unfortunately, the size of the cyst remained quite large and didn’t reduce in size even though I continued with the baths for another week. I was so frustrated! Once again I went back online and goggled “what to do when the cyst is not going down?”. I found THE SOLUTION! SILICA! I found it in the neighborhood health food store. The amount of silica per capsule is 224mg.The kind that I found also is combined with 266mg of Calcium. The directions for use are 2 capsules 3 times daily. From reading other people’s blogs, I see that they said that their homeopathic doctor told them to take it for 3 weeks. Silica is a natural dietary mineral supplement derived from the plant horsetail. It is for your healthy hair, nails, skin and connective tissue. Silica is needed for the absorption of Calcium and has no side effects.
    From the second day of taking these Silica capsules by Body Essentials it started decreasing in size. I went from sitting on one side of my butt cheek and hardly walking anywhere to sitting comfortably. Today is the 9th day since I have been taking it and it has almost disappeared. I am so happy!! Maybe this is my solution to prevent future cysts from growing. Also, I plan to probably do a sitz bath after sexual intercourse to keep the bartholin’s duct open with a couple drops of pure lavender essential oil to prevent inflammation and any infection. I have never blogged about anything before but I know how painful and frustrating this thing is. Hope this helps someone.

  33. jammy92 says:

    ive been getting bartholin cyst’s every 3 to 5 months for about 3 yrs now. they are the most excrucating pain ive evr felt in my life. the first time it appered i went to my doctor and all he told me was that it was a ‘small’ possibility that it may reoccur and if so to just return , well that small possiblity was a crop of shit and sure enough a couple of months later it came back. i dealt wit that pain for about 4 days until it burst on its own. the instant relief made me never even think about the doctor agaain .. until i noticed the horriblr cycle . so after about a yr i decided to go to the hospital remind yu i had no insurance nd this cyst in my pants , sat in tha waiting room for 4hrs , while waiting my cyst burst, i finally got called bck for them to just tell me i should think about surgery .. now they tell me this with no insurance !! so all i left with tht day was a precrip. (tht i wouldnt be able to fill) & a $800 hospital bill. and till this day i am still suffering form these cyst.. hey i dnt knw where i was going with this story but i thought i could share

  34. TINK says:

    I’m 46 and have my first BC. I went to my PCP on 11/7/22 and he says I have to go to a GYN to get it lanced. I noticed it about 4-5 days ago and it’s getting larger everyday. It scared me to death that this atrocity can get as large as an orange. OMG the thought is terrifying! It’s about the size of a very large pea at this time. It started as just a small bump. My doctor says its NOT a VD! It’s definitely a BC!
    I’ve had 4 back surgeries already for disc fission and an dreading another surgery of any kind. It really gets my goat (pisses me off) when the doctors say its not painful. HECK YES IT IS! There has to be a better explanation to why this happens? Is it not cleaning enough? Is it hereditary? I see all the comments with questions but this site isn’t answering our concerns. I’m going to try the suggestions above. Hoping for sweet relief! I’m also hoping to get a reply since we had to provide our e-mail address. Bless you all, I understand your suffering and hope you’ve all gotten better.

  35. TINK says:

    11/7/12 not 23

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