Prime Health Channel

Pemphigus vulgaris Definition

Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is an autoimmune disease (condition in which the immune system turns against the body itself) characterized by the development of sores and blisters on the skin and mucus membranes [1].

Collagenous colitis Definition

Collagenous colitis is an inflammatory disease of the colon, which is related with watery and chronic diarrhea, but without blood [1]. It is one form of microscopic colitis, the other being lymphocytic colitis.

Collagenous colitis Incidence

The incidence is high in industrialized countries like United States, Canada, Europe, New Zealand and Australia. Estimates indicate that the incidence has increased from one to approximately 19 in every 100,000 individuals. The prevalence increases with age and peaks in people in their 70s [2].

Cretinism Definition

The term “Cretinism” refers to severe hypothyroidism during birth [1] (deficiency of thyroid hormone) leading to stunted physical and mental growth.

Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome Definition

Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS) is a functional vomiting disorder characterized by cycles or episodes of acute nausea and vomiting that persists for several days or hours and alternate with asymptomatic episodes [1].

Cri du chat Definition

Cri du chat is a rare genetic condition [1] that occurs when a part of chromosome number 5 is absent.

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